From the perspective of agricultural development, modern agricultural development, due to the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, has been able to rapidly increase production to supply the huge food demand generated by the surge in population, and to contribute to solving global food and poverty problems. However, traditional agriculture is purely dependent on the environment. Not only is crop cultivation limited by climate and season, it cannot be produced as planned, even if the crop harvest is affected by the price drop; plus farmers use pesticides to prevent pests and diseases in order to ensure the harvest. As a result, food safety concerns, in order to increase production capacity, excessive use of fertilizers, not only increase costs, more polluted farmland, rivers, lakes and oceans, is more likely to cause high levels of nitrates, harming consumers.
Another reason for the popularity of plant factories is that the global construction industry is eager to seek new developments through investment in agriculture due to the economic downturn and the decline in public construction projects. Chain catering and supermarket companies hope to build their own vegetable bases to form a stable supply of raw materials. The electronics industry is gradually shifting overseas due to the manufacturing sector, and a large number of cleaning workshops for producing precision devices such as chips are idle. These plants can be transformed into plant factories with a little modification. Therefore, these three industries have become the most active pioneers in investment plant factories.
Therefore, the plant factory is highly automated, and can be planted throughout the year like a factory, producing fresh, sanitary fruits and vegetables in science and agriculture, and does not pollute the environment. Naturally, the government and the research institutes attach great importance to it. In addition to the transportation costs saved by the plant's production model, plant factories have the opportunity to become a true alternative to traditional crop production models, which is why venture capital and private equity funds focus on plant factories.
At present, there are many forms of LED illumination products for plant growth, such as flat panel lights, double-ended lamps, flexible lamp strips, etc., which will gradually change with the development of technology.